When updating from IPF 2.x to IPF 3, you will notice quite a few things that work slightly different than before. Apart from upgrading the Java environment and a number of third-party libraries (including Camel), the most prominent change is in the Groovy-based HL7v2 Domain specific language.

Instead of being forced to use wrappers like MessageAdapter, the DSL now works directly on the core HAPI model classes. Consequently, all HL7v2-based IHE components and the HL7v2/v3 translator classes also produce or consume Message objects instead of MessageAdapter objects.

The sections below list all backward-incompatible changes.


  • IPF 3 requires at least a Java 7 runtime environment and also runs with Java 8

Removed Modules

The following IPF modules have been removed.

  • ipf-modules-cda-oht
  • ipf-commons-test
  • ipf-platform-camel-test


Due to moving the release artifacts to Maven Central, Maven group IDs of some third-party libraries have been changed. As these dependencies are all transitive, there should be no migration required:

  • MDHT: org.openhealthtools.mdht -> org.openehealth.ipf.oht.mdht
  • Eclipse OCL: org.eclipse -> org.openehealth.ipf.eclipse.ocl
  • Eclipse EMF: org.eclipse -> org.eclipse.birt.runtime
  • LPG: net.sourceforge.lpg -> lpg.runtime

IPF heavily depends on Apache Camel, but excludes the following transitive dependencies in favor of explicit dependencies. In case your pom.xml depends directly on Camel libraries as well, make sure to exclude the following dependencies to avoid packaging and version conflicts:

  • Exclude org.codehaus.groovy:groovy-all from dependencies to camel-groovy
  • Exclude com.sun.xml.bind:jaxb-impl and com.sun.xml.bind:jaxb-core in favor of org.glassfish.jaxb:jaxb-runtime

The latter comes from a packaging reorganization of the JAXB reference implementation in their 2.2.11 release, which requires the additional jaxb-core dependency. jaxb-impl is marked as “old”, however, so IPF uses the recommended jaxb-runtime instead.


With IPF 3, the ipf-modules-hl7dsl module and all contained classes have been deprecated. Instead of using the adapter classes around the regular HAPI model classes (e.g. org.openehealth.ipf.modules.hl7dsl.MessageAdapter around ca.uhn.hl7v2.model.Message ), the DSL can now be applied directly on the HAPI classes. This has been achieved by including the DSML into the Groovy extension module ipf-modules-hl7.

Due to this change, the HL7v2 DSL has undergone some minor changes:

Aspect Example IPF 2.x behavior IPF 3.x behavior
Illegal DSL usage throws org.openehealth.ipf.modules.hl7dsl.AdapterException throws org.openehealth.ipf.modules.hl7.dsl.HL7DslException
Accessing a repeatable structure msg.PATIENT_RESULT returns a Closure object returns the first repetition of the HL7 structure
Executing a parameter-less call on a repeatable structure msg.PATIENT_RESULT() returns a List of the structures returns an Closure that is Iterable over the structures. Note that for counting the repetitions, you can use a dedicated HAPI method (e.g. msg.PATIENT_RESULTReps), because size() is not allowed for Iterables.
Executing a parameter-less call on the result of an indexed access on a repeatable structure msg['PATIENT_RESULT']() equivalent with msg.PATIENT_RESULT() throws org.openehealth.ipf.modules.hl7.dsl.HL7DslException
Accessing the first component of a primitive type msg.PID[1][1] throws org.openehealth.ipf.modules.hl7dsl.AdapterException returns the primitive itself
Obtaining the ‘value’ of a segment msg.PID.value returns the value of the first field of the segment throws org.openehealth.ipf.modules.hl7.dsl.HL7DslException
Obtaining the value of a field msg.PID[1].value returns the value of the first primitive, treating the literal "“ value as a empty string. Use .originalValue to return the value literally | returns the value of the first primitive literally. use .value2 to treat the literal ”" value as a empty string

For migration, replace all type references like MessageAdapter, SegmentAdapter etc. by their wrapped HAPI model classes ca.uhn.hl7v2.model.Message, ca.uhn.hl7v2.model.Segment etc. Obviously, all access to the properties MessageAdapter.target and MessageAdapter.hapiMessage must be removed as well.

HL7 Module API

The underlying HAPI library has been upgraded to version 2.2.

  • org.openehealth.ipf.modules.hl7.parser.PipeParser has been removed. Use a standard ca.uhn.hl7v2.parser.PipeParser instead. You may need to adapt its Validation Context to relax default validation, e.g. using ca.uhn.hl7v2.validation.impl.ValidationContextFactory#noValidation().
  • org.openehealth.ipf.modules.hl7.HL7v2Exception is an unchecked runtime exception wrapper for ca.uhn.hl7v2.HL7Exception, so its constructor now only accepts an instance of ca.uhn.hl7v2.HL7Exception to be wrapped. This nested exception is now also used as cause.
  • A large number of classes has been deprecated in favor of functionality that is provided by the current version of the HAPI library out of the box. This particularly applies to custom HL7 exceptions and everything in the packages ** org.openehealth.ipf.modules.hl7.validation ** org.openehealth.ipf.modules.hl7.validation.builder ** org.openehealth.ipf.modules.hl7.validation.support.

Check the HAPI documentation for examples how message validation has been implemented there.

HL7 V2/V3 Translator API

The interfaces Hl7TranslatorV3toV2 and Hl7TranslatorV2toV3 in the package org.openehealth.ipf.commons.ihe.hl7v3.translation and all of their implementations now translate to or from ca.uhn.hl7v2.model.Message instead of the now legacy MessageAdapter.

MLLP Components API

  • The HL7v2TransactionConfiguration constructor now takes an array of ca.uhn.hl7v2.Version as first parameter instead of a single string. This allows to create MLLP components that accept more than one HL7 version using a more typesafe way. Normally, MLLP-based IHE transaction users should not be affected by this internal change.
  • There are two new components using the URI schemes ‘mllp’ and ‘mllp-dispatch’. The name of any existing components with the same name must be modified.
  • The header with the name org.openehealth.ipf.platform.camel.ihe.mllp.core.MllpComponent.ACK_TYPE_CODE_HEADER is now expected to contain a value of type ca.uhn.hl7v2.AcknowledgementCode instead of org.openehealth.ipf.modules.hl7.AckTypeCode. If you did manually assign values to this header, you need adapt to the new type.

IHE Components API

  • The allowIncompleteAudit parameter has been removed. The endpoints now act like it had been set to “true”. Please remove the parameter from all endpoint URIs.
  • PIX Feed v2 (ITI-8) transaction messages now have IPF-specific message classes to accomodate with the Gazelle conformance profiles. In case you have dedicated type casts in your PIX Feed processors to model classes like ca.uhn.hl7v2.model.v231.message.ADT_A01, you must change them to org.openehealth.ipf.commons.ihe.hl7v2.definitions.pix.v231.message.ADT_A01.
  • In the simplified XDS data model, the type of timestamp fields was changed from String to org.joda.time.DateTime. Setters of those fields still accept String arguments for backward compatibility, but getters return DateTime in UTC. ** org.openehealth.ipf.commons.ihe.xds.core.metadata.DocumentEntry#creationTime ** org.openehealth.ipf.commons.ihe.xds.core.metadata.DocumentEntry#serviceStartTime ** org.openehealth.ipf.commons.ihe.xds.core.metadata.DocumentEntry#serviceStopTime ** org.openehealth.ipf.commons.ihe.xds.core.metadata.Folder#lastUpdateTime ** org.openehealth.ipf.commons.ihe.xds.core.metadata.PatientInfo#dateOfBirth ** org.openehealth.ipf.commons.ihe.xds.core.metadata.SubmissionSet#submissionTime ** org.openehealth.ipf.commons.ihe.xds.core.metadata.TimeRange#from ** org.openehealth.ipf.commons.ihe.xds.core.metadata.TimeRange#to

XML Processing

  • Calling Java methods from XSLT templates is no longer possible. A workaround is to execute these methods from Java/Groovy before the XSLT is called, and propagate their results to XSLT via template parameters.
  • The constant org.openehealth.ipf.commons.xml.ParametersHelper#RESOURCE_LOCATION was moved to the class org.openehealth.ipf.commons.xml.AbstractCachingXmlProcessor.

Camel DSL Extensions

The module ipf-platform-camel-core had some obsolete extensions and also conflicts when used together with a current Camel version. In order to resolve this issue with a certain degree of backwards compatibility, the module was reorganized:

  • All Camel DSL extensions involving Groovy closure support that is available over the camel-groovy component have been moved to ipf-platform-camel-core-legacy
  • The validate Camel DSL extension that conflicts with Camel’s validate EIP method has been renamed to verify. The validate extension can still be found in ipf-platform-camel-core-legacy.
  • The ipf().split extension has been moved to ipf-platform-camel-flow. It’s only relevant when used with the flow manager, otherwise the standard Camel splitter works good enough.
  • Some already deprecated classes of the legacy Groovy metaclass machinery (like the old DefaultModelExtender) have been removed
  • No other IPF module depends on ipf-platform-camel-core-legacy, so you don’t get accidental transitive dependencies

For migration, you have to include the org.apache.camel:camel-groovy dependency into your pom:

        <!-- Exclude Groovy bundle in favor of a explicit groovy dependency -->
        <!-- in order to avoid version conflicts -->

In case your routes depend on deprecated extensions and/or including camel-groovy is not possible, you can also add a dependency on ipf-platform-camel-core-legacy. This module, however, will be removed in one of the next versions, so we strongly recommend to migrate the respective parts of your routes.

IHE Runtime

  • Validators for HL7v2-based transactions are now based on Conformance Profiles downloaded from Gazelle. In general, validation has become much stricter and conforms closely with the IHE specification, so you may expect validation exceptions for test messages.
  • All HL7v2-based IHE consumers and producers do not create and accept the deprecated MessageAdapter objects but plain HAPI Message objects.

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Version: 3.2-SNAPSHOT. Last Published: 2017-03-09.

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